What are the effects of Spina Bifida
The most common occurrence of Spina Bifida is in the lumbar (below waist but above the hips) and sacral (below the hips but above the tailbone) areas of the spine. The physical effects on a child with Spina Bifida depend on where the gap is, how big it is and how much of the spinal cord or nerves have been caught in it.
A few children will have a small gap where only the bones of the spinal column are incompletely developed where there is only be a collection of spinal fluid without any trapped nerves. This may show as a swelling over the middle of the spine and is sometimes accompanied by a small patch of hair. This condition is called Spina Bifida Occulta.
Most babies diagnosed with Spina Bifida have a larger gap in the spine. There may also be a gap in the skin at the same place. This condition is called Spina Bifida Myelomeningocoele.